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Public Lectures 2014

Grand Prize 2014: Ezra F. VOGEL

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Title
Rapidly Changing East Asia – Now and Its Future Message from Prof. Ezra F. VOGEL
Date
Wednesday, September 17, 2014 (19:00-21:00)
Venue
Main Hall, ELGARA HALL
Participants
350
Coordinator
AMAKO Satoshi (Professor of Waseda University)

Public lecture will be held at ELGARA HALL by inviting Prof. Ezra F. VOGEL, a laureate of the Grand Prize.  Admission is free.  We hope you will join us there.

Prof. Satoshi Amako, Coordinator
Prof. Satoshi Amako, Coordinator
Dialogue between Prof. Vogel and Prof. Amako
Dialogue between Prof. Vogel and Prof. Amako
Prof. Vogel answering questions from the audience
Prof. Vogel answering questions from the audience

Part1: Keynote Speech by Ezra F. VOGEL

“Stand in the Other Person’s Shoes: Crucial to Create Mild Methods to Avoid Friction”

forum1-middle1.jpgI have many close friends in Japan and China. Based on what I have studied about the two countries and my own experience, I would like to speak about the history of 40 years of Japan-China relations as objectively as I can.

In 1972, after TANAKA Kakuei's visit to China, diplomatic relations between Japan and China were normalized. However, normalization was hastened without properly adjusting treaties, and many issues remained yet to be solved such as immigration procedures, therefore bilateral relations did not improve as much as expected. In 1978, DENG Xiaoping visited Japan and had guided tours at Nippon Steel and Nissan factories. He went to meet MATSUSHITA Kounosuke by Shinkansen bullet train, and asked Mr. MATSUSHITA for cooperation of TV production in China. In this way, Japan started to give China much support, and mutual exchange was strengthened as Japanese novels and TV programs were introduced in China.

According to a survey conducted in Japan in 1980, 78% respondents viewed China as a good country, but currently over 90% people consider China as a bad country. There are many reasons. China was criticized by many countries for its handling of Tiananmen Square incident in 1989, but made effort to improve its relationship with Japan and His Imperial Majesty visited China in 1992. However, with the end of the Cold War in 1991, China no longer needed Japan as its strategic partner against the Soviet Union, and as China's power grew in 1990's, its view toward support from Japan and wartime damage has also changed. JIANG Zemin visited Japan in 1998, but failed to build friendly relations because he didn't understand the sentiment of Japanese people. The tension between China and the U.S. also had an influence on the U.S. ally, Japan. Over the years that followed, the relations between Japan and China have cooled down as a result of nationalization of the Senkaku Islands and politicians' visit to Yasukuni Shrine.

The souring of relations could have been avoided by standing in other person's shoes and not irritating the feelings of other country. Nation's leader needs to show his strength to the people, and it is hard to give in to pressures from other country. Therefore it is important to think of mild ways to address issues and avoid conflict.

The tension can be relaxed if China reduces its ships and airplanes around the Senkaku Islands. I have observed that in China many war films are played and many people wrongly assume that Japan is militaristic, so I try to explain to Chinese people Japan's effort to preserve peace and its international contribution.

Japanese people, on the other hand, need to learn more about World War II from the perspective of history. Regarding Nanking Incident and the issue of the military's comfort women, there could be data's numeric inaccuracy and feeling of uneasiness, but they need to be acknowledged as historic fact that shouldn't be repeated. Based on the acknowledgement, Japan should proudly tell foreigners that Japan has been hoping and working for global peace and international exchange for 70 years after the war's end.

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Part2: Dialogue

“Wishing for Dialogue of Three Countries”

Prof. AMAKO Satoshi pointed "Japan as Number One" to be a great book that focuses on the importance for Japan to cope with such common problems of modernized countries as environmental issues and trend toward the nuclear family. He asked Prof. VOGEL about current relations between Japan and China. Prof. VOGEL emphasized Japan's strength such as lower crime rate compared to other countries, high level of education, and small gap among society. Next, Prof. VOGEL referred to China's new leader's great network and bold efforts to deal with corruption. Asked by the audience about the possibility of war between Japan and China, he answered specialists on China including himself view the possibility to be unlikely.

Regarding the future relations between Japan and China, Prof. AMAKO proposed a framework for dialogue between three countries, Japan, China, and the U.S. Prof. VOGEL agreed with the idea, and introduced the following scenario; the U.S. first proposes China to have a bilateral dialogue between the U.S. and China, and there takes up such issues as environmental problem and energy saving, and suggests that they invite Japan in the dialogue as Japan is an expert in those areas and three countries address the problems together.

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Academic Prize 2014: Azyumardi Azra

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Title
Democratizing and Growing Indonesia: Ties between Japan, the West, and the Islamic World
Date
Sunday, September 21, 2014 (17:00-19:00)
Venue
Event Hall B2F, ACROS Fukuoka
Participants
150
Coordinator
SHIMIZU Hiromu (Professor of Kyoto University)
Panelist
NAKAMURA Mitsuo (Professor Emeritus of Chiba University)
Panelist
OGATA Satomi (Professor of Kyushu International University)

Public lecture will be held at ACROS Fukuoka by inviting Prof. Azyumardi Azra, a laureate of the Academic Prize.  Admission is free.  We hope you will join us there.

Prof. Hiromu Shimizu, Coordinator
Prof. Hiromu Shimizu, Coordinator
Prof. Mitsuo Nakamura, Panelist
Prof. Mitsuo Nakamura, Panelist
Prof. Satomi Ohgata, Panelist
Prof. Satomi Ohgata, Panelist

Part1: Keynote Speech by Azyumardi Azra

“Building a Harmonious Society by Pancasila: Promoting Closer Bilateral Tie by New Government”

forum2-middle1.jpgIndonesia is a country of multiculturalism and has various and different traditions and religions. 88.7% of the entire Indonesian population of 245 million, or over 200 million people, believe in Islam, however it is not a Moslem country and the state religion is not specified. Indonesia is built upon Pancasila, or the official philosophical foundation of the Indonesian state, comprising five principles: (1) belief in the divinity of God; (2) the unity of Indonesia; (3) just and civilized humanity; (4) democracy; and (5) social justice for all people of Indonesia. These are the important foundation of the country and religiously friendly principles. Islam in Indonesia attaches a high value to moderateness, peacefulness and tolerance, therefore coexists with local cultures and other religions.

There are major Islamic organizations established on citizen society in Indonesia. The biggest organization, Nahdlatul Ulama, is called NU by its capital letters, and its members have reached 40 million. One more organization is Muhammadiyah and it has established 13,000 schools from kindergartens to universities. They serve as bridge between the government and the grass-roots and play a social conciliatory role. These Islamic organizations are not found in other Prof. NAKAMURA Mitsuo, a professional who has engaged in the study of Indonesia for 40 years, introduced Prof. AZRA from three angles, as a researcher and historian, an educator, and an intellectual. Prof. AZRA personifies democratically growing Indonesia, and is a bridge person between the Islamic world, Japan and the Western world. His book, which is considered to be must-read for Islamic study, based on Arabic biography of an Islamic scholar, introduces unique Islamic cultural zone which was formed in 17 and 18th century in extensive areas from the Middle East to Indonesia. Prof. NAKAMURA also added that Prof. AZRA established a medical faculty in Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute for Islamic Studies to make it a university, and at that time received a loan agreement of three billion yen from Japanese government. Upon hearing this, Prof. SHIMIZU Hiromu commented that in addition to Prof. AZRA’s own effort and fortune to gain his present position, rewarded efforts are a proof of stability of the society, and that’s the true reason for his success. Prof. OHGATA Satomi, a researcher of women and companies in Indonesia, has studied change in women’s consciousness in the light of wearing scarfs. She explained that the analysis of the study showed rising awareness of complying with the Islamic law among Indonesian society. Prof. AZRA then answered a question from the audience as to why there occur no confrontations in Indonesia, and mentioned Islam in Indonesia is highly encompassing, tolerant and peaceful. countries, and it is considered that they contribute to moderateness of our country. We are fortunate to have these organizations in our country and maintain the social stability based on these organizations.

In July this year, there was a presidential election in our country. It took place peacefully without sacrificing human life, and Mr. Jokowi, the former Governor of Jakarta was elected. Our country is democratic just like Japan, and there already exist economic ties between Indonesia and Japan, but we hope under the new administration, the relationship of the two countries will further develop and get closer.

Indonesia keeps yearly average of 5 to 6% economic growth, and in view of the increasing number of middle-class, it is expected to have a higher growth. The new administration will work hard for improvement of infrastructure such as electricity, power generation, and transportation network, as well as eradication of corruption and Mafia.

The tension can be relaxed if China reduces its ships and airplanes around the Senkaku Islands. I have observed that in China many war films are played and many people wrongly assume that Japan is militaristic, so I try to explain to Chinese people Japan's effort to preserve peace and its international contribution.

JapanesJapan and Indonesia import crude oil from the Middle East, and receive trust and respect from the Islamic countries in the Middle East. Indonesia is influential to those countries. Both Indonesia and Japan have no geographical stake in the Middle East area. Therefore these two countries may be able to mediate a settlement and bring peace among the Middle Eastern nations. They may respond to our invitation to a peace conference held in Tokyo. It would be wonderful if Indonesia and Japan can cooperate together to build peace among nations.

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Part2: Panel Discussion

“Rewarded Efforts – Proof of a Stable Society”

Prof. NAKAMURA Mitsuo, a professional who has engaged in the study of Indonesia for 40 years, introduced Prof. AZRA from three angles, as a researcher and historian, an educator, and an intellectual. Prof. AZRA personifies democratically growing Indonesia, and is a bridge person between the Islamic world, Japan and the Western world. His book, which is considered to be must-read for Islamic study, based on Arabic biography of an Islamic scholar, introduces unique Islamic cultural zone which was formed in 17 and 18th century in extensive areas from the Middle East to Indonesia. Prof. NAKAMURA also added that Prof. AZRA established a medical faculty in Syarif Hidayatullah State Institute for Islamic Studies to make it a university, and at that time received a loan agreement of three billion yen from Japanese government.

Upon hearing this, Prof. SHIMIZU Hiromu commented that in addition to Prof. AZRA’s own effort and fortune to gain his present position, rewarded efforts are a proof of stability of the society, and that’s the true reason for his success. Prof. OHGATA Satomi, a researcher of women and companies in Indonesia, has studied change in women’s consciousness in the light of wearing scarfs. She explained that the analysis of the study showed rising awareness of complying with the Islamic law among Indonesian society.

Prof. AZRA then answered a question from the audience as to why there occur no confrontations in Indonesia, and mentioned Islam in Indonesia is highly encompassing, tolerant and peaceful.

Arts and Culture Prize 2014: Danny YUNG

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Title
Connecting People beyond All Boundaries – a Challenge by Danny YUNG
Date
Sunday, September 21, 2014 (13:00-15:00)
Venue
Event Hall B2F, ACROS Fukuoka
Participants
200
Coordinator
UCHINO Tadashi (Professor of University of Tokyo)
Panelist
SATO Makoto (Artistic Director, ZA-KOENJI Public Theatre)

Public lecture will be held at ACROS Fukuoka by inviting Mr. Danny Yung, a laureate of the Arts and Cultural Prize.  Admission is free.  We hope you will join us there.

Mr. Danny Yung at the lecture
Mr. Danny Yung at the lecture
Prof. Tadashi Uchino, Coordinator
Prof. Tadashi Uchino, Coordinator
Mr. Makoto Sato, Panelist
Mr. Makoto Sato, Panelist

Part1: Keynote Speech by Danny YUNG

“Collaboration of Noh and Kunqu Opera – Foundation for Cultural Exchange Needed”

forum3-middle2.jpgI am so happy to finally be able to meet Fukuoka citizens. I ask you to feel so proud of the Fukuoka Prize. Fukuoka is one of the most important cultural hubs in the world, and I hope it will become a center of cultural exchange, not only for Asia but also for the world.

Today I would like to talk about something the most creative. I have many friends in Japan and have enjoyed various exchanges with them. In 2010, by request from Stage Director Mr. SATO Makoto, I directed The Tale of the Crested Ibis, the main show of the Japan Pavilion, World Expo in Shanghai. It was then that the idea of collaborating Noh and Kunqu Opera came up to my mind. Both Noh and Kunqu Opera are traditional dance-dramas with more than 600 years of history, and both were added to UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage list in 2000. The collaboration and exchange of Noh and Kunqu Opera continued even after the World Expo in Shanghai, not just upon stage, but also behind and around the stage. We also talked about the changes brought by being chosen as Intangible Cultural Heritage. How preservation and creation of art, education and promotion measures, organization and system, and government’s financial policy Prof. UCHINO Tadashi added an explanation to Mr. YUNG’s address and introduced a brief summary of Mr. SATO Makoto’s career. Then Mr. SATO mentioned the Fukuoka Prize will have a bigger and more meaningful role in the future as cultural exchanges between different regions get active, and illustrate it as a flower starts to blossom. He added economy is dealing with today’s society, politic focuses on tomorrow’s world, but culture always looks at the day after tomorrow. As the structure of the world changes after the end of confrontation between the East and the West, the mankind has not yet found a shared future vision. “Looking at the day after tomorrow and showing a new vision. That is the big role culture needs to play”, he added. He then concluded by saying Mr. YUNG’s question as to what culture can do for the society, and what the society can give in return to culture, is a major theme. Then the audience enjoyed watching projection images of Spirits Play that Mr. YUNG has directed. Mr. YUNG explained the performers of Noh and Kunqu Opera mutually shared thoughts on this play, and they talked about the stage, cemetery, Tiananmen Square and so forth. Asked by the audience why it had to be a play, he answered what unique about the stage is that it is a real space, and the audience and performers can share time and space. “Unlike film, interactions take place in play. Stage is where much can be experienced and learned”, he added. affect art, this is a crucial issue. Will crested ibis extinct? Should we protect them, or should we preserve them for ornamental purposes? The same questions rest upon us, artists. Once we walk out of the theater, can we still maintain our strong passion toward art? We need to keep asking ourselves. We thus empower ourselves. In order for culture to have a long-term development, it is important to understand what economic and political influence we get. What we constantly need to face in China is political interfere, and this issue is often discussed among cultural communities. By political interfere, art could be used as propaganda, and interweaved into education.

Every time I see Kunqu Opera, I find some parts are performed differently. It is because humans inherit the tradition and perso n i f y i t . Humans are intangible cultural heritage. Humans are not exhibi ted in a museum or gallery as a t h i n g . H u m a n s h a v e opportunities to learn through many experiences. That is why we need platform, or foundation, for cultural exchange, and by building it, we will be able to better understand other cultures and better care for their and our own future.

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Download the Anuual Report 2014

You can download the annual report 2014 in Adobe PDF to check all the events and programs of the Fukuoka Prize 2014.

2014年Download the Anuual Report 2014

Official program reports

Click to see more 2014 reports.